The importance of automation and robots in all of the manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced people inside a wide selection of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and place), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are widely-used inside a diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. Based on the definition it may be fixed set up or mobile to be used in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. They’re multi-functional pieces of equipment that could be custom-built and designed to carry out a various operations.

The main aspects of industrial robots is because they can be developed to suit industry specific requirements which enable it to work continuously for decades, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic expected life of your industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Due to their persistent accuracy industrial robots have grown to be variety part of manufacturing.

Industrial robots are classified into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The key categories of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They’re stationary robots having three aspects of motion. They work from an overhead grid using a rectangular work envelope. They’re mainly utilized to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have got all their axes across the work causing them to be also perfect for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are very well suitable for welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs might be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are very important add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) that come with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which might be used to move or assemble parts are instances of end effectors. End effectors were created and utilized to sense and connect to the external environment. The finish effectors’ design is dependent upon the applying requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment including robotic arms. Machine vision is utilized to the inspection of product which like semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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